lunes, 1 de diciembre de 2008

100 años de Lévi-Strauss


El viernes fué el centenario del nacimiento de este gran antropólogo y etnólogo francés de procedencia belga Claude Lévi-Strauss.

Ese mismo día tuve que entregar una monografía acerca de este señorito con ganas de vivir y que ya lleva una centuria con nosotros. La materia, "Problemas antropológicos", es una materia electiva y una de los pocas materias de la facultad que salen de un esquema riguroso y que ayuda a pensar, a cuestionar y a re-pensar un montón de cosas dentro y fuera de la facultad.

Lévi-Strauss (desde ahora LV), es un gran pensador que contempló y estudió las sociedades primitivas desde una óptica diferente, especializando en lo que él llamó las relaciones de parentesco y en los mitos.

Más allá de su teoría de la prohibición del incesto y sus críticas y Durkheim o Freud, su personal tratamiento acerca de los mitos merece mención.

A diferencia de otros teóricos del tema como Carl Gustav Jung o Joseph Campbell, para él los mitos representas otras cosas y no los aborda desde un tratamiento místico, sino mas bien científico, influenciado por las teorías sociológicas del marxismo, y de la linguística Saussureana.

Su influencia fué muy notable en colosos del pensamiento contemporáneo como Derrida, Lacan, Barthes, Foucault, etc. Esto mas allá de que algunos de ellos no hayan querido ser catalogados como parte del movimiento estructuralista, y que algunos de ellos hallan roto con esta forma de pensamiento o fueran catalogados como neo-estructuralistas.

El pensamiento de LV nos recuerda la importancia de reconocer la "ciencia" que hay en otros modos de pensamiento ajenos al nuestro y al que podemos llegar a considerar como científico y por ende como verdadero.

LV cumplió cien años y el que despliega su magia cual hechizero loco es él mismo que se niega a dejar este mundo al cual contribuyó a cambiar. Un honor para el mundo poder seguir dándole albergue..

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